Towards The Discovery Of A Cure For Cancer

The World Health Agency, the WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, stated there were 18.1 million new cancer cases and 9.6 million deaths that occurred in this year. The growing cancer survivor makes WHO predict cancer will be the number one cause of death in the world.

The latest report released by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, it analyzes data from 185 countries in the world with a deeper look at 36 types of cancer. From that data, found one in five men and one in six women potentially suffered cancer in their lives. As many as one in eight of the 11 men and one woman will die of cancer.

Towards The Discovery Of A Cure For Cancer

The report concluded, adding the number of cancer patients go hand in hand with the world's population is also growing. An aging population make the risk of cancer increases as you get older.

Lung cancer, colorectal, stomach, liver, and breast is a type of cancer most frequently suffered. The report noted that lung cancer is the deadliest cancer by 1.8 million or 18.4 percent of the total deaths in 2018.

Data from the Ministry of health, Indonesia is on the order of 8 in Southeast Asia, while in Asia the disease incidence by number 23 cancer 136.2/100,000 population.

Indonesia's highest incidence figures for male is lung cancer that is amounting to 19.4 per 100,000 population with an average of 10.9 per 100,000 population mortality, followed by cancer of the liver of 12.4 per 100,000 inhabitants with an average of 7.6 deaths per 100,000 population. While the numbers of Genesis for women that breast cancer is highest i.e. amounting to 42.1 per 100,000 inhabitants with an average death of 17 per 100,000 inhabitants followed cervical cancer amounted to 23.4 per 100,000 inhabitants with an average death 13.9 per 100,000 population.

Based on Riskesdas data, the prevalence of tumors/cancer in Indonesia shows that there is an increase of 1.4 per 1000 inhabitants in the year 2013 be 1.79 per 1000 inhabitants in the year 2018. Cancer prevalence is highest in the provinces of Yogyakarta 4.86 per 1000 inhabitants, attended West Sumatra 2.47 79 per 1000 population and Gorontalo 2.44 per 1000 inhabitants.


Currently, this type of cancer is the most common treatment is chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery of tumors, and – in the case of prostate cancer and breast cancer-hormone therapy.

However, other types of treatment started massive done to address a series of issues that will typically faced by health care providers and patients. Including aggressive treatment accompanied by unwanted side effects, tumor recurrence after treatment, surgery, or both, and the formidable against aggressive cancer treatments that are widely used.

Therapy, for example, whether a single therapy or a combination of some of the other treatments, tend to have side effects for patients.

Some breakthrough research on any cancer is now capable gives us renewed hope that better therapies and prevention strategies will soon follow.

Boost the immune system

One type of therapy that has attracted a lot of attention recently is immunotherapy. Therapy that aims to strengthen our own body immune against foreign matter and harmful cells: our immune system response against the spread of the cancerous tumor.

But many types of cancer cells is very dangerous because they have a way of  "cheat's" immune system – either ignore it completely or quite the welcome him.

However, thanks to experiments in vitro and in vivo, the researchers are now studying how they can be "disable " system protector of cancer cells. A study published last year in Nature Immunology found that macrophages, or white blood cells, which are usually assigned to  "consuming " cellular debris and objects " " the dangerous other foreigners failed to wipe out cancer cells super-agressive .

Viral therapy and ' vaccines ' innovative

A surprising weapon in the war against cancer can be a therapeutic virus, as revealed by a team from the United Kingdom earlier this year. They successfully use reovirus to attack brain cancer cells without affecting healthy cells.

 "This is the first time shown that therapeutic viruses are able to pass through the blood-brain barrier, " is clearly the author's research, which opens the possibility of [that] kind of immunotherapy can be used to treat more people with brain cancer aggressive.

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